tale of frenemies is not something to be ignored as it can result in the next
world war. China and America are among the top powerful countries and always
competing for superiority over the world. Not one decision made by any of the
two goes by without affecting the whole world.
U.S and China share history which dates back to the Second World War:
were allies back then fighting against the common enemy “Imperial Japan” but
things have changed in the recent past when the U.S decided to oppose China’s
wrongdoings all over the world, the relations between the two took a U-turn and
they are basically becoming enemies now. To understand the whole thing between
the two, let’s open a few chapters of history books first.
the 19th century, China was considered one of the best civilizations
in the whole world but being a neighbor of Japan who was gaining power and
winning every battle was not easy. China also fought some battles in the 19th
century but never won any, not a single one of them in fact, there will always
be a debate if it was fortunate for the world seeing current China or
unfortunate for the Chinese people who suffered a lot at that time being tortured,
raped, killed, and experimented on by the Japanese. Historians believe that the
Japanese experiments were more terrifying than any of the Nazi’s experiments.
Japan captured all the important places in China by invading and winning every
the Second World War, China America relations first came under limelight when
they fought against the mighty Japanese and Japan made a big mistake by
destroying The Pearl Harbor which led to the nuclear bombing in Hiroshima and
Nagasaki in 1945. The bombing was the prime reason Japan decide to surrender to
America and hence, China got its freedom and became allies with the Americans.
their freedom from the Japanese, China becomes whole again and in 1949, the
Chinese Communist Party established the People’s Republic of China after
defeating the Nationalist government which was backed by the American
government. The relations between the U.S and China came to the brink when
North Korea supported by China and Russia invaded South Korea. The U.S and the
U.N came to the rescue of the South and that forced China to retaliate.
a few years, the U.S decided to lift the navy blockade from Taiwan. China has always
been hungry to occupy territories which don’t belong to them when U.S removed
the blockade china saw the opportunity to get a hold on the islands of the
Taiwan Strait and moved their troops in the area that started shelling in and
out of the islands. The U.S again anticipated it and threatened to attack China
with Nuclear weapons which finally led china to negotiate with the U.S.
has a tendency to be forgotten and the same did happen with China, they forgot
how it feels to be tortured and they did the same with the Tibet and controlled
it for many years and when Tibetan resistance started, China killed thousands
due to which the U.S has to interfere again. U.S condemned the actions of China
and accused them of violating Human rights. After the Second World War, America
was the only one who was trying to control China to stop its inhuman doings to
other neighboring countries. The only thing China was afraid of America was a nuclear
attack but in 1964 during China’s venture to capture Vietnam, China tested its
atomic bomb and got the very thing they were afraid of.
inhuman doings, the difference over security, ideology, development policies
and industrialization policies from the world which was called China’s Great
Leap Forward is the main reason behind how did china America relations changed
after 1969. Once the Chinese ping pong team invited the American team to China
to which the U.S team and some American journalists were allowed in China which
was the first time since 1949 any American was allowed to set foot on Chinese
soil. It resulted in some warming of relations between the two.
a result of the better relations, the U.S secretary of the state made a trip to
China and shortly after that the U.S president spent 8 days in China which
helped in improving the relations even more and hence a few contracts are
signed between the two which improved the American Chinese trade relations.
President Jimmy Carter granted China full diplomatic recognition. Shortly after
this, Chinese vice-president paid a visit to America and America provided
Taipei with defensive arms without violating the U.S One China Policy.
of students hold demonstrations in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square, demanding
democratic reforms and an end to corruption to which the Chinese government reacted
by sending military troops and killing hundreds of protesters. The U.S
condemned these aggressive actions against the students and terminated the
Military sales to China and freezes relations with China.
accidentally bombs Chinese embassy in Belgrade during its campaign against
Serbian forces which shook the U.S-Shino relations again. However, NATO and U.S
did offer apologies for the intelligence mistakes that led to bombings but
still protests against the U.S happened in China and U.S property was being
attacked by the protestors. It was not justified what any of the two did but it
was just a mistake on one end and willing full actions on the other, you be the
judge of the wrong.
Clinton, the U.S president signed the U.S-China Relations Act of 2000 granting normal trade relations with the U.S
which opened the way for China to join the World Trade Organization. Another
incident was just waiting at the doorstep to shake the relations between the two.
Actually what happened was a U.S plane collided with a Chinese fighter and made
an emergency landing in Chinese territory. The Chinese detain the 24 member
crew and after 12 days and a tense stand-off between the authorities, the crew
all the years, the trade between the two countries rises from 5 billion to 231
the year 2008, China became the largest holder of U.S debt or treasuries at
around 600 billion dollars surpassing Japan. Everybody knew that something is
going to go down and it did, the big recession that shook the world and with
that another surprise came, China became the world’s second-largest economy
after U.S surpassing Japan.
have already discussed the wrongdoings of China against the whole world; please
do take a look to understand this whole thing. Actually, 2010-11 were the years
when China’s wrongdoings first surfaced to the world; U.S, European Union and
Japan filed a “request for consultations” with China at WTO over its various
restrictions and unfair trading with others. China called this move “unfair and
rash” while vowing to defend its right in trade.
start of new friendship again, New president of China “Xi Jinping” was invited
by President Barrack Obama to America to which Xi couldn’t say no and hence the
talks started of building a better relationship again. Surely not going to last
long seeing their recent past and it happened in just one year or so. Actually,
a U.S court found evidence against Chinese hackers who were tied to China’s
People’s Liberation Army for stealing trade tech from U.S companies. China
acted aggressively as it always did and suspended its work in the U.S-China
cyber security working group. Hence, the relations again took a U-turn.
2014, the U.S found some Satellite images of China placing military equipment
in the South China Sea to which U.S secretary in a conference asked China to
halt its land reclamation in the South China Sea like China will listen to it
but still, it was important to at least let China know that somebody is keeping
an eye on them.
relations between the two have been of this kind from the beginning sometimes
becoming the best of allies and helping each other grow and other times
fighting over simple things which might take both a few steps back in the
development process. America’s One China Policy which is 4 decades old was also
a tactic to negotiate with China in which U.S has formal ties with People’s
Republic of China but also maintained unofficial ties with Taiwan. The policy
is basically finding a win-win situation for both sides. According to the
policy, America only believed that there is only one China, no other Taiwan or
new president of United States “Mr. Donald Trump” was also keen to have a great
relationship with China. Chinese President Xi was invited to a 2-day summit in
America and both presidents sign a ten-part agreement to expand trade of
products between the two countries. The relationship was reaching new heights
but again at the same time China was accused of economic aggression, and
Vice-president of U.S condemned China’s actions in the South China Sea and also
accused China of stealing American intellectual data and interfering in the U.S
ministry again threatened the U.S-China’s ties and called the accusations
new plot unfolded when CFO of Chinese tech giant Huawei was arrested in Canada
at the U.S’s request. He was accused by the U.S of violating trade sanctions
and committed fraud, U.S requested his extradition. As China is and always has
been, China arrested two Canadian citizens and accused them of undermining
China’s national security. These are the cheap tactics of China which got
everyone’s eyes. Even Huawei got to war and banned U.S federal agencies from
using their equipment. President Trump who is known for his aggressive nature
didn’t hold back and called the world to hold their deals with Huawei as
Chinese government could use the Company to spy on anyone. Well, it resulted
badly for China as many countries did hold their 5G deals with HUAWEI.
China economic history is around 6-7 decades old and it has seen a new chapter
of Trade war; started between the U.S and China. Trump found the cheap tactics
of China which are well explained in our blog “Can World trust China” and
announced high tariffs on imports from China. As a result, China’s Central Bank
lets the Yuan weaken for its own benefits which don’t go unnoticed and trump
gave them the tag of “Currency Manipulator”.
Trump also signed the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy act. It gave a right
to U.S to check on Hong Kong who was kept under the nose of Beijing, Hong Kong
people cherished the law. The time was to see how China responds to all this
and it has always been from China’s side, they acted aggressively by suspending
U.S warships visits to Hong Kong and imposing sanctions on U.S based
year began with a pandemic, U.S put the blames of the pandemic on China to
which China declines playing the victim card but it all became a war between
the two. The relations between the countries have seen their ups and downs but
these are the times of desperation, the relations between the two have never
been this worse since ages. Trump was often seen calling it Chinese virus on
the state and world media.
U.S ordered closing China’s Consulate in Houston, Texas calling it the hub of
espionage and property theft. U.S also arrested two hackers who were trying to
steal U.S research on COVID-19 and imposed new sanctions on Chinese companies
for their roles in human rights abuses in Hong Kong. China doesn’t care if it
right or wrong, they will return the favor and China also closed the U.S
consulate in Chengdu.
the latest news, the U.S Secretary of State Mike Pompeo delivered a speech
titled “Communist China and the Free World’s Future”. He clearly established
that the era of engagement with the Chinese Communist Party is over now.
basically, now the friends are enemies. This is the tale that started as
friends and ending in enemies. This surely doesn’t concern many but if we look
from the world’s perspective, these two countries hold great responsibilities
for world peace although China is not known for any kind of peace looking at
their neighbouring countries.
This is what we had for you today, we hope you
liked what you just read and if you have any complaints or suggestions
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Mar 15, 2021
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